In the previous lessons we had learnt how to express our purpose, intension, idea, thoughts and feelings in Japanese language. In this lesson we will be learning how to express our likes, desires, wishes and wants in Japanese language. There are different sentence patterns which we have to use to express these feelings. We will now learn these sentence patterns one by one.
1) [- wa …ga suki desu], by using this Japanese sentence pattern you will be able to express your likes to the other person you are talking to. In this sentence structure name of a person will come before the particle "wa" that is in place of the "-"sign. The name of the thing which the person likes will come before "ga" particle that is in place if "…"sign. In case you want to say that you dislike a thing then just change "suki" to "kirai". "Suki" as you all must be aware of means to like and opposite to this word is "kirai" which means dislike. But always remember that the thing which you like or dislike is always indicated by the "ga" particle. Examples using both "suki" and "kirai" are as follows:
- (I like music.)
- (Mr. John dislikes sports.)
2) In this pattern we will learn a new use of the "ga" particle. "ga" particle is being used as a conjunction which means "but". This particle does the work of joining two sentences where the context of one sentence is opposite to the second sentence. Read the following examples to clearly understand the use of "ga" particle:
- (My elder brother studies a lot, but my younger brother does not study at all.)
- (Summer is hot, but winter is cold.)
3) To express our want for something in Japanese language we make use of the word "hoshii" which means "want". "hoshii" is an i-Adjective word. The sentence structure is [- wa …ga hoshii desu.].The name of a person who wants something should come before particle "wa". The thing which the person wants should be specified before the "ga" particle in the sentence. Again in this sentence pattern also the thing which the person wants should always be indicated by "ga" particle. Another thing to remember is that like "tai" form while using "hoshii" also the speaker and the listener can only talk about their own wants. They cannot use "hoshii" for telling some other person’s want when he/ she is not present at that place when the conversation is taking place. In case you wish to talk about a person’s want in his/ her absence then in that case use either "- wa …wo hoshigaru" or "- wa … ga hoshii souda/ to omou". Following are the examples of this sentence pattern:
- (I wish to have a good Japanese camera.)
- (I think Mr. Tanaka wants a kanji dictionary.)
- (My son wants stamps of various countries.)
4) This is the last sentence pattern of this lesson. The sentence construction which we are going to learn in this sentence pattern is [- mo…shi – mo]. In this pattern "shi" is used as a conjunction which means "and". Particle "mo" means "also" which we already have learnt. So the literal meaning of this pattern is "- this also… and - that also". Before both the "mo" particles in the sentence a noun will come. The verbs or adjectives which come before "shi" should always be in their plain forms. Have a look at the following examples:
- (Today, the weather is also good and the school is also closed.)
- (On this Sunday, my friend is also coming and there is also a lot of work to do.)
Here we come to an end of this lesson. The Japanese sentence patterns of this lesson are very easy to learn. They are not at all confusing hence can be studied very fast. All the above patterns will help you express your wants, desire, likes and dislikes. In addition if you meet a Japanese person then you will also be able to ask him/ her likes and dislikes. This will help you extend your conversation with them.
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