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Japanese Sentence Non Frequently Used

Some of the sentence patterns of Japanese grammar which we are going to learn in this lesson are not used frequently. However they are important to study from the JLPT exam point of view. Therefore even if they are not used you should study them and should be aware of its use and meaning. So now let’s get introduced to this new set of sentence patterns.

1. The first sentence pattern of this lesson which we are going to study is “~wake ni wa ikanai/ ~wake ni mo ikanai”. This sentence pattern has two different meanings and uses respectively. Study these two uses very carefully as they are a little confusing. A) In the first use the dictionary or root verb form of verbs come before this phrase. The literal meaning of the first use of this sentence pattern is “due to some reason I cannot do this task”. Following are the examples of this use.

Japanese sentence - (ronbun: thesis; kansei: complete; kikoku: return to own country; I wish to return to my country but cannot go till the thesis gets completed.)

Jlpt grammar - (It is not possible to do this work alone, but as everybody is busy getting help is impossible.)

B) The second use is opposite to the first. Here the “nai form” of the verb is used. The meaning of this use is that “due to some reason we have to do this task”. A similar sentence pattern to this one in Japanese grammar is “~shinakereba narimasen”. Let’s read the following examples related to this use.

nai form of Japanese sentence - (As there is an exam tomorrow I have to study.)

Japanese sentence with nai form - (As I have a family, I have to work.)

2. We have already learnt the use of the sentence pattern “~kara…made” in the basic Japanese grammar. Here we will see a similar rather same sentence pattern which is “~kara~ni kakete”. This sentence pattern has the same meaning which is “from – to”. This sentence pattern is used to show the range of time, distance, places etc. Before both “kara” and “ni kakete” nouns are always used. Below are some examples of this sentence pattern.

use of kara - (sakuya: last evening; It was raining from last night to today morning.)

use of kakete - (shou: lane; douro: road; kouji: construction; The construction work of the road is taking place from 1st lane to 3rd lane.)

3. The sentence pattern “~tatoe~temo/ tatoe~demo” which is used in Japanese grammar means “even if”. When we use this sentence pattern after “tatoe” the “te” form of verb is used and then mo is added to it. In case of i-adjective remove “i” and add “kutemo” to it. In case of na-adjectives remove “na” and add “demo” to it. Finally in case of nouns also add “demo” to the noun used. Following are some examples which have been provided for you so that you understand its use properly.

Japanese sentence with ta form of verbs - (shippai: wrong; koukanai: repent; Since I have decided to go by this road, even if something goes wrong I will not repent.)

the tatoe form - (Even if the job is difficult I will still continue doing it.)

4. This sentence pattern which we are going to study now has a very simple meaning and use. However when we use verbs, adjectives and nouns the construction of the sentence changes according to the element which we are using. The sentence pattern is “~sae ~ba” which means “only if”. Therefore in short here if the condition is fulfilled then only the next action is possible. Following are the different sentence constructions which are to be used.

Root verb + sae + sureba/ shinakereba

In case of i-adjective remove “i” and replace it by “ku”. Then add sae + areba/ nakereba.

In case of na-adjectives remove “na” and replace it by “de”. The next step will be to add sae + areba/ nakereba.

For nouns there are two different constructions. You can use either of them. The first one is noun + de +sae + areba/ nakereba.

The second construction of noun is noun + sae + “ba form of verb”/ “kereba form of “i-adjective”/ “nara form” of na-adjectives/ “nara” form of noun.

Let’s read some examples of this sentence pattern.

Japanese sentence with nara - (Instant noodles are easy to eat only if they are put in boiling water.)

Jlpt - (Only if the language would have been common then it would have been better for more and more communication.)

5. “~Mo ~ba ~mo/ ~mo ~nara ~mo” sentence pattern is used when you want to express that when one thing is present then the second thing has to be there. If the first thing is positive then the second thing has to be positive. Opposite to this if the first thing is negative then the second thing is also negative. In the previous lesson we have already seen the “ba” and “nara” forms of verbs and adjectives. In addition we have also seen that na-adjective cannot be changed to “ba” form instead it is changed to “nara” form. The sentence construction of this sentence pattern will be {noun + mo + “ba form of verb/ i-adjective or “nara” form of na-adjective + noun + mo}. Read the following examples to clearly understand this sentence pattern and its use.

 jlpt n3 level grammar - (The reputation of the new restaurant is good because it is cheap and its taste is also good.)

japanese yara sentence - (You are good at singing and also at dancing, therefore you will be a popular person in the party.)

6. When we want to say “this also and that also” at that time the sentence pattern “~yara ~yara” is used in Japanese language. In this sentence pattern we make use of either dictionary form of verb, i-adjective or noun. In case of i-adjectives “i” is not removed instead it remains as it is. Therefore the structure of the sentence will be

Root verb/ i-adjective/ noun + yara + Root verb/ i-adjective/ noun + yara

Below are some examples of this sentence pattern.

Japanese grammar lessons - (Before returning to my country I was busy reserving tickets and buying gifts.)

Jlpt grammar - (When I over drank wine, I had a headache and it was very painful for me.)

7. The last sentence pattern of this lesson which we are going to study is “~darake”. This sentence pattern is full of bad things or feelings. It carries a negative or bad meaning to it. The meaning of this phrase is “full of”. Before this phrase a noun is used. Following are some examples related to this sentence pattern.

darake Jlpt grammar - (This report is full of alphabet mistakes and hence is difficult to read.)

Japanese grammar lessons - (As we had gone for a trip all over the world, the travel bag has fully become dirty.)

By this we come to an end of this lesson. The sentence patterns of this lesson are a bit of higher level hence it is advised that you study them very keenly. Also try and make your own examples by using all the elements of grammar which in return will help you learn them faster.

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