This is the last lesson of JLPT N3 Japanese grammar. We will learn approximately 8 new sentence patterns in this lesson. These sentence patterns are very different from each other. Almost all the patterns have only one use hence making it easier for studying and memorizing. Let’s now start with the sentence patterns.
|1. When we criticize something or while talking about the quality of something at that time “~ppoi” sentence pattern is used. There is a negative shade to this sentence pattern. Either i-adjective or noun is used before this phrase. In case you use i-adjectives then just remove “i” and add “ppoi” to it. In case of nouns directly add the phrase to it. Some examples have been provided to you below.
- (itazurai: mischievous; She looked at me with a mischievous sight.)
- (This child is a student but looks like an adult.
There is another use and meaning of this sentence pattern which is “often/ easily”. When this sentence pattern is used for this purpose at that time the masu base form of the verb comes before the phrase. Another important thing to remember about this sentence pattern is that “ppoi” follows like i-adjectives and follows all its rules. This is applicable for both these uses of “ppoi”. Few examples related to this use are as follows.
- (This person gets angry very easily but in fact is a gentle person.)
- (Her forgetting nature is often due to her old age.)
2. The sentence pattern “~gatai” means “not easily, hard to, difficult to”. It is used to express the quality of the task you are performing. The “masu base” or stem form of the verb is used before this phrase. Let’s read some of the examples which have been provided below.
- (shinji: to believe; It is hard to believe that she will do such a thing.)
- (hanzai: crime; It is difficult to forgive those who do crime towards small children.)
3. When something happens very frequently and easily at that time to express that thing “~gachita/ ~gachi no” sentence pattern is used. This pattern conveys a bad meaning. In other words its tendency is unhappy or bad. Before this phrase either “masu base” form is used or a noun is used. Following are few examples related to this sentence pattern.
- (When there is snowfall there is a tendency of trains getting late due to the block.)
- (My mother is not well and hence cannot work at all.)
4. When you want to express a slight feeling about something at that time in Japanese grammar the sentence pattern “~gimi” is used. The kanji of “~gimi” is .Here the degree of sensation or feeling is very low. Similar to the above pattern here also either a noun or “stem” form of verb comes before “gimi”. Following are some examples which show the use of “~gimi”.
- (The job is very hectic, so there is a feeling of tiredness now a days.)
- (Now a days I feel I have become fat so I have started jogging.)
5. A Japanese phrase which was used in old Japanese was the use of “~ge”. This sentence pattern is used when we express the condition or appearance of a person when we see him/ her. In this sentence pattern only the adjectives are used. Before this phrase either an i-adjective or a na-adjective comes where “i” and “na” are removed respectively and then “ge” is directly added to it. Some examples related to this sentence pattern are as follows.
- (She seems to be alone as she is sitting alone on the bench in the park.)
- (He came forward as if he wanted to say something.)
6. When you have started doing something but it is not yet complete and you want to say that you are in the middle of it at that time “~kakeda/ ~kakeno/ ~kakeru” sentence pattern is used in Japanese grammar. In other words you can also say that this sentence pattern means “in the middle of”. Some examples related to the use of this sentence pattern are given below.
- (There is a coffee kept on the table which is half drunk.)
- (Once a thing is said it is not good to leave it incomplete.)
7. To say that you have done some job completely in Japanese you have to use the sentence pattern “~kiru/ ~kireru/ ~kirenai”. In other words this sentence pattern means “totally, completely, to do till the end”. Always the masu base or stem form of the verb is used before this phrase. Read the following examples related to this sentence pattern to understand its use and meaning clearly.
- (He returned with a face that showed he was completely exhausted.)
- (There are so many stars that we cannot totally count their number.)
8. The last sentence of this lesson and also the Japanese grammar of N3 level is “~nuku”. This sentence pattern basically helps us to talk about the process by which we reach the aim. Always the masu base form of the verb is used before “nuku”. Let’s read the following examples of this sentence pattern.
- (I made mistakes in the middle but somehow I could complete the work.)
- (After thinking a lot, we came to this conclusion.)
By this we have finished the study of the grammar which is necessary to study for the JLPT N3 exam. I would again like to repeatedly advice you to read all these sentence patterns at least once every day. Also practice them by making your own sentences. Understand and then memorize all the sentence patterns. I am sure once you are thorough with the use and meaning of each you will not face any difficulty when you attempt the questions related to Japanese grammar in the JLPT N3 exams.
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