This is the last lesson of the JLPT N2 Japanese grammar. In this lesson we will be learning approximately six new sentence patterns. These sentence patterns are much uncomplicated hence can be understood very easily. The examples which have been provided along with each sentence pattern help you understand the concept more clearly. So, let’s start studying the final few sentence patterns of this level.
1. The first sentence pattern of this lesson which we will get introduced to is “~ni kagirazu”. This sentence pattern is written like by using kanji. This sentence pattern literally means “not only limited to but”. Before “ni kagirazu” a noun is always used. This sentence pattern is very easy and hence you will not face any difficulty in understanding the examples which have been provided below related to it.
- (Disney land is not only limited for children but is also famous among elder people.)
- (This course is not only restricted to children but anyone from the society can attend the lecture.)
2. The sentence pattern which we will learn now is “~ni hoka naranai”. This sentence pattern literally means “it is nothing else but this”. Before the phrase the plain form of the verb, i-adjective, na-adjective or noun is used. Some examples related to this sentence pattern are given below.
- (I got success in this work because of your cooperation and nothing else.)
- (Parents scold children however it is nothing else but their love for them.)
3. “~Mono” is the sentence pattern which we will study now. This sentence pattern is used either by women or by small children in their conversation. It is basically used for giving excuse or reasons. In this sentence pattern also the plain forms of the verb, i-adjective, na-adjective or noun comes before “mono”. Read the following examples which show you the use of this sentence pattern.
- (“Will you go alone?” “Yes, as I have a map, it is perfectly ok if I go alone.”)
- (As it is late today, it will be better if I make the call tomorrow.)
4. The next sentence pattern which we are going to study is “~mono ga aru”. This sentence pattern actually conveys the meaning that “there is something special in”. In this sentence pattern a na-adjective, i-adjective or a verb comes before the phrase. Some sentences have been given below as examples of this sentence pattern.
- (In this painting there is something special which attracts the people.)
- (There is something in his speech which is not satisfying to me.)
5. The sentence pattern “~you ga nai/ ~you mo nai” is used when you are found in a situation where you are unable to find out a way for you to come out of it. In other words this sentence pattern means “there is no way or method”. Before the phrase only the “masu basu” form of the verb can be used. Let’s read the examples which have been provided below to understand the meaning of this sentence pattern clearly.
- (As I do not know where Ms. Kimura is just now, there is no way I can contact her.)
- (As I did not understand the meaning of the question, there was no way that I could answer it.)
6. The last sentence pattern of this lesson is “~desu kara~hazudesu”. In this sentence pattern “hazu desu” means “it must be so or in other words we are assuming something. “Desu kara” as you must be aware is used as a reasoning word or used to give some reason. Before “hazu” the plain form of verb, i-adjective or na-adjective is used. In case on nouns “no” particle is first joined to the noun used and then “hazu” is added to it. Study the examples which are provided so that you understand this sentence pattern properly.
- (As he is a Chinese person it is assumed that he should know kanji.)
- (As Mr. Yan’s work is till 7o’clock, it is assumed that he should have returned home by now.)
With this we have completed this lesson. In addition we have also completed our study of all the sentence patterns of Japanese grammar which are important from the JLPT N2 level exam. As told at the very beginning that it is very important that you read all these sentence patterns at least once every day. Once you start studying them every day after a few days you will realize that you have gained a command on them and also are thorough with its uses and meanings. This thoroughness and confidence is very important and helpful when you are actually answering the exam questions. So study hard and clear the JLPT exam with flying colors.
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