You might feel that the Japanese grammar which we are going to learn in this lesson is a little confusing. A simple solution to this is to read the sentence patterns again and again for at least 4-5 times to clearly understand their meaning and use. There is no reason to worry or get tensed if you do not understand them after reading 2-3 times also. The number of times you read them the more properly you will understand its meaning and more comfortable you will be while using them. So let’s start reading and learning the sentence patterns one by one and without any hurry.
|1. The first sentence pattern which we are going to learn has four different uses and meanings respectively. The main phrase is “~monoda/ ~mono dewanai”. So now let’s read its uses and meanings separately and understand them with the help of examples which have been provided.
A) The first use of this sentence pattern helps us to express feelings which are deep down in the heart. Most of the times the sentence wherein this phrase is used is an exclamatory sentence. Before this phrase a verb, na-adjective or i-adjective can be used. Read the following examples to clearly understand this use.
- (I was saved from such a big accident!)
- (Time passes by so fast isn’t it?)
B) The second use of this sentence pattern is done to show something which is widely accepted or when we are talking something which requires common sense. In other words we can also say that it means “obvious/ natural”. In this use also before the phrase either a verb, na-adjective or i-adjective comes. By reading the following examples you will understand this use better.
- (At the time of earthquake, it is natural that everybody will be panicky.)
- (It is obvious that anybody will be busy at the yearend.)
C) One of the uses of this sentence pattern is while giving an advice or a light order. By light order we mean to say a sentence which conveys the meaning “it is better to do”. In this use before the phrase always the dictionary form of the verb is used. Below are few examples.
- (It is always better to listen to other’s advice.)
- (Please do not talk bad about others on their back.)
D) The last use of this sentence pattern is when we talk about things which happened very often in the past. Here before the phrase either a verb, i-adjective or na-adjective comes. Following are few examples of this sentence pattern.
- (When I was a child I used to play pranks and was often scolded by my father.)
- (In the past this area was very quiet.)
2. The sentence pattern which we are going to study now is “~wakeda”. This sentence pattern has two different meanings and uses. In both the uses of this sentence pattern before the phrase you can use an i-adjective, a verb or a na-adjective A) This use conveys the meaning that there is some reason which results in some natural happening. You will understand the meaning of this use more clearly once you read the examples which are given below.
- (keikoutou: tube light; As one of the tube light is not working it is natural to be dark.)
- (As Mr. John’s mother is a Japanese lady it is natural that his language is good.) B) In the second type “~wakeda” is used when you want to tell or talk about things which happen due to some reason. Read the following examples which are provided below to understand this use clearly.
- (5 percent discount means, a thing which costs 10000 yen becomes 9500 yen.)
- (In the beginning I came to Japan with an intention of sightseeing, but later I started liking Japan and I stayed here for 10 years.)
3. “~Wake dewa nai/ ~wake demo nai” is the sentence pattern which we are going to learn now. This sentence pattern literally means “it’s not that but”. In this sentence pattern before the phrase either a verb, i-adjective or na-adjective comes. Below are few sentences provided as examples related to this sentence pattern.
- (It’s not that I cannot live comfortably but I do not have as much money to save.)
- (It’s not that I dislike sweets but I am on diet.)
4. A sentence pattern which is used in a colloquial language to confirm something is “~kke”. As told earlier also this pattern is used to confirm something. This sentence pattern is mostly used in spoken Japanese. Let’s read the following examples based upon this grammar pattern.
- (He has not yet been informed about the venue of the party isn’t it?)
- (Is it so. Today is your mother’s birthday isn’t it?)
5. The next sentence pattern which we are going to get introduced to is “~karashite”. This sentence pattern has two different meanings and uses. However in both the uses before the phrase a noun is used. Following is the individual explanation of both these meanings and uses along with few examples.
A) The first use literally means “right from”. In this use deliberately the negatives are stressed and told. You will find a shade of criticism and negative feeling in this sentence patter. Read the following examples.
- (reigi: manners; Right from manners he does not even know greetings.)
- (daimei: title; Right from the title the movie is scary.)
B) In the second type this sentence pattern is used to point out the base of a conclusion. The meaning of this use will be better understood when you read the examples which are given below.
- (dorobou: thief; As the glass of the window has been broken, there is no other way other than this from where the thief had entered.)
- (The main cause due to which he cannot climb the mountain is his health.)
With this we come to the end of this lesson. In this lesson almost all the sentence patterns have more than one use. Therefore it is very important that you understand and learn all these uses thoroughly. You should be confident enough to know which use and meaning of a particular sentence pattern has been implemented in the given sentence.
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