The Japanese grammar which we are going to learn in this lesson is very interesting and attracts our attention towards it. Though these sentence patterns are not used very frequently they are very important to have knowledge about these patterns. So without any delay let’s look at the first sentence pattern quickly.
|1. “~Kara suruto/ ~kara sureba” is the first sentence pattern which we are going to study. This sentence pattern has two different uses and meanings. Let’s study these two uses separately and also understand them clearly with the help of the examples which are provided along with them.
A) The first use which we are going to study is similar to the sentence pattern “~kara miruto” which we have already studied. Therefore the meaning of this use is “from the point of view”. Here before the phrase a noun is used. Let’s read the following examples.
- (If you see from point of view of parents, children remain children even if they grow up and the parent’s worry also continues.) - (From point of view of Japanese people it is natural, but for foreigners it is bad.) B) The second use of this sentence pattern is same as the use “B” of the sentence pattern “~karashite”. Therefore in other words it is used when the base of a conclusion is pointed out. Read the following examples to understand this clearly.
- (If the conclusion is drawn from the shape of the car, it perhaps is around 10 year old model.)
- (If the conclusion is drawn from her efficiency, she is likely to get selected in this A college.)
2. The sentence pattern which we will learn now is “~kara niwa/ ~karawa”. When due to some natural reasons some actions or events take place at that time this sentence pattern is used. A noun, i-adjective, na-adjective or a verb comes before the phrase. The sentence which comes before the phrase contains words which express duty, rights, intention, guess, advice or order. Some examples related to this sentence pattern are given below.
- (As I am participating in the match, I have to win it.)
- (As the route is selected by me, I am going to complete it.
3. “~Kotodakara” is a very easy sentence pattern to understand as well as to use. This sentence pattern basically means “since this is about” or “as it is the case of”. With the help of this sentence pattern we express the reason of something which everyone knows or are aware of. Again in this sentence pattern also before the phrase a noun is used. Following are some sentences provided as examples of this grammar pattern.
- (Since it is about you, I think you can write this thesis very nicely.)
- (Since it is the case of Mr. Hayashi who is very soft hearted, he can do the work of volunteering very well.)
4. The sentence pattern which we are going to study now is “~dake/ ~dake atte/ ~dake ni/ ~dake no”. This sentence pattern has three different uses and meanings respectively. The description of each use and its meaning has been separately given below. So let’s study them one by one. A) In the first use any of the four phrases of this sentence pattern can be used. Before the phrase a noun, verb, na-adjective or i-adjective can be used. The meaning of this use is “just because”. Below are few examples of this use.
- (Just because Mr. Rin is a salesman, his English is good.)
- (Just because it is called the top class wine. As expected its taste and also its smell is excellent.)
B) In the second use only “~dake ni” is used. The meaning of this use is similar to the first use however there is a little difference in them. In this use more stress is given on the result. We can say that is means “because of something it happened like this”. In this use also a noun comes before the phrase. Let’s read the following examples.
- (netsuretsu: passionate; As today’s match is going to decide the championship, lots of passionate fans have gathered to cheer up the team.)
- (Last year the produce of melon was less and the price was high, however this year the crop is nice which has spread happiness.)
C) In the last use of this sentence pattern either “~dake” or “~dake no” is used. Here before the phrase an i-adjective, na-adjective or a verb is used. This use shows certain limit. In addition it also means “until I wish” in some sentences. To understand this use clearly let’s read the examples which are given below.
- (It would have been so good if we could buy as many books as we want.)
- (mokuhou: aim; tassei: accomplish; I will put in as much effort as I can to accomplish the aim.)
5. The last sentence pattern which we are going to study of this lesson is “~ni atatte/ ~ni atari” This sentence pattern literally means “on that special occasion”. It expresses the exact time at which the occasion is taking place. In this sentence pattern before the phrase either the dictionary form of verb or a noun is used before the phrase. Given below are few examples which will help you understand the use and meaning of this sentence pattern more clearly.
- (kaikai: opening of a meeting; On the occasion of the opening of this meeting I will say few words.)
- (shinseihin: New product; kyouryoku: powerful; On the occasion of the launch of the new products a new powerful project team was made.)
Here we have finished with this lesson. All the sentence patterns are very interesting and easy to understand and memorize. So practice all these by making your own examples and reading them again and again.
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