Japanese verbs have different tenses and different forms. One single Japanese verb can be changed into different forms and is used in different contexts. Different forms or tenses of verbs are used in different context of the sentence. In Japanese grammar there are different sentence patterns used to convey different meanings or ideas. These different forms and tenses of verbs are used in these sentence patterns.
Masu form of a verb is also called the “stem form” of a verb. This is the shortest form of a verb. The stem form cannot be used alone or individually, something has to be added to it to bring meaning to it. When “masu” is removed from the “masu form” the remaining part of the verb is the “stem form”. Hence the name “masu base”. This rule is same for all the three groups of Japanese verb. E.g.:
As specified earlier the “stem form” of the verb cannot be used alone. Following are the uses of “stem” form of verb:-
Meera san wa kuruma o kaitai desu. ( Ms. Meera wants to buy a car.)
Therefore, Meera’s want to buy a car is shown by this sentence pattern.
Watashiwa benkyo o shini nihon e ikimasu. ( I am going to Japan for studying.)
In this example, my intention of going to Japan is for studying.
Kimura san wa kiiroi seta wo ki, kuroi sukato wo haki, shiroi boushi wo khaburimashita. ( Miss Kimura is wearing a yellow sweater, a black skirt and a white cap.)
Here instead of making three small sentences to describe what kimura is wearing only one sentence has been made by using the masu base of verbs.
These are the uses of the stem form of Japanese verbs, which one should know if he/ she is aiming to appear for the N5 JLPT exam.
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