Learn Japanese

Japanese Vocabulary


To understand any new language it is very important that one knows the meaning of its basic words. Like the other languages of the world even while learning Japanese, it is very essential to know the Japanese vocabulary.There are words in Japanese language that have more than one meaning to it. Theree, it is very essential to use the appropriate words according to the context when you speak Japanese. Following is the list of basic Japanese vocabulary. You can see Japanese vocabulary-2 here

Japanese Vocabulary related to Calendar
Month

Gatsu/ Gestu
Ichigatsu
Nigatsu
Sangatsu
Shigatsu
Gogatsu
Rokugatsu
Nanagatsu/ Shichigatsu
Hachigatsu
Kugatsu
Jyugatsu
Jyuichigatsu
Jyunigatsu

Month
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Week

Youbi
Shyuu
Nichiyoubi
Getsuyoubi
Kaiyoubi
Suiyoubi
Mokuyoubi
Kinyoubi
Doyoubi

day of a week
Week
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Vocabulary related to family & Relations

haha-Okaasan-Mother
Chichi-Otousan-Father
Sobo-Obaasan-Grandmother
Sofu-Ojiisan-Grandfather
Imouto-Imoutosan-Younger Sister
Otouto-Otoutosan-Younger Brother
Ani-Oniisan-Elder Brother
Ane-Oneesan-Elder Sister
Musume-Musumesan-Duaghter
Musuko-Musukosan-Son
Oji-Ojisan-Uncle
Oba-Obasan-Aunt
Tsuma-Okusan-Wife
Otto -Goshyujin-Husband


Vocabulary for Colors

Iro – Color
Akai – Red
Aoi – Blue
Shiroi – White
Kuroi – Black
Kiiroi – Yellow
Chyairo – Brown
Haiiro - Grey
Daidaiiro – Orange
Midori – Green
Kimidori – Light Green
Mizuiro – Light Blue
Murasaki – Purple
Momoiro - Pink
Vocabulary for Direction or Location

Ue – Up
Shita – Down
Koko – Here
Soko – There
Asoko – That over there
Migi – Right
Hidari – Left
Tonari – Besides, Next to
Mae – Front
Ushiro – Behind
Chikai – Nearby
Yoko – Side
Tooi – Far
Masuugu – Straight
Higashi – East
Nishi – West
Minami – South
Kita – North
Vocabulary for Food

Ryori – food
Shyokuji – Meal
Gohan – Cooked Rice/ Meal
Asagohan – Breakfast
Hirugohan – Lunch
Bangohan – Dinner
Yasai – Vegetable
Kudamono – Fruits
Toriniku – Chicken
Butaniku – Pork
Gyuniku – Beef
Gyunyu – Milk
Tabemono – Eatables
Nomimono – Drinkables
Vocabulary related to Rooms

Daidokoro – Kitchen
Ima – Living room
Shinshitsu – Bedroom
Heya – Room
Genkan – Entrance
Toire – Bathroom
Kabe – Wall
Tenjou – Ceiling
Niwa – Garden
Yuka – Floor
Mado – Window

Vocabulary related to Time

Tokei – Watch
Ji – O’clock/ Hour
Jihan – Half an Hour
Jikan – Time Duration
Fun/Bun/Pun – Minutes
Gogo – p.m
Gozen – a.m
Asa – Morning
Hiru – Afternoon
Ban – Evening
Yoru – Night
Kesa – Today Morning
Ashita – Tomorrow
Kyou – Today
Kinou – Yesterday
Assatte – Day after tomorrow
Ototoi – Day before yesterday
Vocabulary related to Weather

Tenki – Climate
Youhou – Forecast
Hare – Sunny
Kumori – Cloudy
Ondo – Temperature
Yuki – Snow
Ame – Rain
Kaminari – Thunder
Kiri – Fog
Kaze – Wind
Arashi – Storm
Vocabulary related to Vehicle

Denshya – Train
Shinkansen – Bullet Train
Jitensha – Bicycle
Sanrinsha – Trycycle
Kuruma - Car
Jidousha – Car
Takushi – Taxi
Ootobai – Motorcycle
Chikatetsu – Subway
Hikouki – Airplane
Fune – Ship
Kisha – Steam Train
Hansen – Sailing Boat
Vocabulary related to famili & Relations

Kodomo – Child
Ryoushin – Parents
Kazoku – Family
Kyoudai – siblings
Shinseki – Relatives
Itoko – Cousin
Vocabulary for the seasons

Shiki – Four Seasons of Japan
Haru – Spring
Natsu – Summer
Aki – Autumn
Fuyu – Winter

Vocabulary for Body Parts

Karada –Body
Me – Eye
Atama – Head
Mimi – Ear
Kami – Hair
Yubi – Finger
Kao – Face
Mayu – Eyebrow
Hitai – Forehead
Mabuta – Eyelid
Mastuge – Eyelash
Kuchi – Mounth
Hana – Nose
Ha – Teeth
Kuchibiru – Lip
Nodo – Throat
Shita – Tongue
Ago – Jaw
Kata – Shoulder
Ude – Arm
Kubi – Neck
Te – Hand
Hiji - Elbow
Tsume – Nail
Mune – Chest
Onaka – Stomach
Senaka – Back
Hiza – Knee
Ashikubi – Anckle
Ashi – Foot, Leg
Kakato – Heel
Tsumashi - Toe
Japanese Vocabulary for Dates

Nichi – Day/ Date
Tsuitachi – 1st
Futsuka – 2nd
Mikka – 3rd
Yokka – 4th
Itsuka – 5th
Muika – 6th
Nanoka – 7th
Youka – 8th
Kokonoka – 9th
Tooka – 10th
Jyuuichinichi – 11th
Jyuuninichi – 12th
Jyuusannichi – 13th
Jyuuyokka – 14th
Jyuugonichi – 15th
Jyuurokunichi –16th
Jyuushichinichi – 17th
Jyuuhachinichi – 18th
Jyuukunichi – 19th
Hatsuka – 20th
Nijyuuichinichi – 21st
Nijyuuninichi – 22nd
Nijyuusannichi – 23rd
Nijyuuyokka – 24th
Nijyuugonichi – 25th
Nijyuurokunichi – 26th
Nijyuushichinichi – 27th
Nijyuuhachinichi – 28th
Nijyuukunichi – 29th
Sanjyuunichi – 30th
Sanjyuuichinichi – 31st
Japanese Vocabulary for Animals

Doubutsu – Animals
Tori – Birds
Neko – Cat
Inu – Dog
Buta – Pig
Kaba – Hippopotamus
Nezumi – Mouse
Zou – Elephant
Hitsuji – Sheep
Kirin – Giraffe
Kuma – Bear
Kitsune – Fox
Raion – Lion
Ookami – Wolf
Saru – Monkey
Rakuda – Camel
Shika – deer
Risu – Squirrel
Tora – Tiger
Shimauma – Zebra
Ushi – Cow
Uma – Horse
Usagi – Rabbit
Yagi goat
Sakana – Fish
Vocabulary for

Isha – Doctor
Sensei – Teacher
Kenchikuka – Architect
Enjinia – Engineer
Daiku – Carpenter
Geijutsuka – Artist
Kokku – Chef
Ginkouin – Banker
Shouboushi – Fireman
Noumin – Farmer
Jaanarisuto – Journalist
Kaishain – Office Employee
Ryoushi – Fisherman
Bengoshi – Lawyer
Koumuin – Government Employee
Kangofu – Female Nurse
Kyouju – Professor
Gaka – Painter
Seijika – Politician
Sarariman – Salaried Employee
Keikan – Police man
Kagakusha – Scientist
Shashinka – Photographer
Gakusei – Student
Sakka – Writer
Tenin – Store Clerk
Misein – Shopkeeper
Hisho – Secretary
Once you are comfortable and familiar with the above basic Japanese vocabulary you will be able to communicate the basic Japanese sentences, which are used in everyday conversations.

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