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Making Breakfast And Lunch


How many times a day do you eat a shokuji (shoh-koo-jee; meal)? If you're lucky, you taberu (tah-beh-roo; eat) three times a day. If you're too busy, you may eat only once or twice.

If you're obi .issed with food, you may eat all the time.

Japanese doesn't have one convenient adjective like "hungry." To express hunger, you say onaka ga suita (oh-nah-kah gah soo-ee-tah) or, with the polite suffix, onaka ga sukimashita (oh-nah-kah gah soo-kee-mah-shee-tah). Onaka means "belly" or "stomach," and suita and sukimashita mean "became empty." You're saying that your stomach became empty. The following are typical shokuji (shoh-koo-jee; meals) and oyatsu (oh-yah-tsoo; snacks):

  • asagohan/choshoku (ah-sah-goh-hahn/chohh-shoh-koo; breakfast)
  • hirugohan/chushoku (hee-roo-goh-hahn/chooo-shoh-koo; lunch)
  • bangohan/yushoku (bahn-goh-hahn/yooo-shoh-koo; supper)
  • yashoku (yah-shoh-koo; midnight snack)

It's no accident that shoku appears in several of the words related to eating. This word stem often (though not always) means "eat."

Here's how to conjugate the important u- verbs taberu (tah-beh-roo; to eat) and nomu (noh-moo; to drink).

FormPronunciation
taberutah-beh-roo
tabenaitah-beh-nah-ee
tabetah-beh
tabetetah-beh-teh
nomunoh-moo
nomanainoh-mah-nah-ee
nominoh-mee
nondenohn-deh

Eating breakfast in Mo cultures

A Japanese asagohan (ah-sah-goh-hahn; breakfast) can be downright exquisite if you have the eyes (and the palate) to see it that way. Before stepping into a Japanese-style shokudO (shoh-koo-dohh; dining room) for breakfast, familiarize yourself with what they serve:

You may prefer to experiment later in the day and just enjoy a Western-style breakfast. 1 never miss out on my morning kohi (kohh-heee; coffee), and I haven't skipped my breakfast beguru (behh-goo-roo; bagel) and kurlmu chlzu (koo-reee-moo cheee-zoo; cream cheese) for ten years. What are your favorite breakfast foods?

Munching uour lunch

In Japan, noodles are popular lunchtime (fln meals. The thick, white noodles that you may have seen in soups are udon (oo-dohn); buckwheat noodles are soba (soh-bah). And don't forget ramen (rahh-mehn) noodles, which the Japanese adopted from China.

Rice dishes in big bowls with different toppings are also popular for lunch. These meals are called donburi (dohn-boo-ree; big bowl).

What do you eat for lunch?

1 usually use these tasty items to give my sandoicchi a little kick:



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