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"Wo" or "O" Particle

In Japanese grammar it is not a rule that one particle will have only one use. There are Japanese particles, which have only one use, and there are some, which have many uses. O particle has more than one use. Following is the ways in which "O/ Wo" particle is used along with examples to help you understand it better.

  1. The "O" particle indicates the object on which the action takes place.
    E.g.: Watashi wa hon o yomimasu. (I read a book.)
    Here the action of reading is taking place on the book. Therefore, the object book has been indicated by "o" particle.

  2. When particle "o" is followed by the verb "Oru (Orimasu)", it means to get off from a vehicle. The name of the vehicle comes before "o orimasu" as "o" indicates the vehicle from which you are departing or getting off.
    E.g.: Watashiwa basu o orimasu. (I get off the bus.)
    In this example, the vehicle bus from which I am getting off is indicated by the "o" particle.

  3. This particle always comes before the verb demasu (to go out) & dekakemasu (to leave). Here the particle indicates the place from which we go away or depart.
    E.g.: Watashi wa goji ni uchi o dekakemashita. (I left home at 5o’clock.)
    Here the place from which I am departing is home which is indicated by "o" particle.

  4. Following is the list of words along with which "o" particle always comes and the name of the place occurs before "o" particle:-
    • Matsu- To wait
    • Yobu- To call
    • Aruku- To walk
    • Hashiru- To run
    • Tobu- To fly
    • Sanpo suru- To stroll
"o" particle is very easy to understand and use. Just memorize the above stated uses and meanings of the Japanese particle very thoroughly.

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